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Inversion in Conditionals
1. Invert the following Conditionals.
2. Complete with the appropriate conditionals (0/ I / II or III).
3. Choose the correct answer
- Active or Passive? make a choice!
- Rewrite the passive sentences into active
- Rewrite the active sentences into passive
Active or Passive
Are the sentences written in active or passive?
There are 10 questions ...
On your mark, get set, go!
- The passive voice is formed with:
- the auxiliary verb to be and
- the past participle to the main verb.
- Passive constructions can be used in most of the tenses.
P.S.: A few tenses (in Sage green in the table) aren’t normally used with the passive.
- the tense is marked/shown by the form of of the auxiliary to be
- the main verb stays the same in all the tenses.
- The passive is frequently used when the person carrying out the action is unknown, unimportant or already clear from the text.
- Shoes were thrown at president Georges W. Bush.
- Chinese is learned in some schools in Germany.
- Shakespeare’s language is still used today.
- The person who does the action can be made clear with the preposition by.
- The beautiful house was built by a talented engineer.
- After the disaster, the city’s reconstruction plan was published by the seating mayor.
- You can use the preposition will to describe what is used to do the action.
- The beautiful house must have been painted with watercolors.
- This artwork must have been made with clay.
|Tense||Active voice||Passive voice|
|Present simple||make||is/are made|
|Present continuous/prog.||is/are making||is/are being made|
|Present perfect||has/have made||has/have been made|
|Present perfect continuous/prog.||has been making||has been being made|
|Past simple||made||was made|
|Past continuous/prog.||was making||was being made|
|Past perfect||had made||had been made|
|Past perfect continuous/prog.||had been making||has been being made|
|Going-to-Future||is/are going to make||is/are going to be made|
|Will-Future||will make||will be made|
|Future continuous/prog.||will be making||will be being made|
|Future perfect||will have made||will have been made|
| Various modal verbs, e.g. can,
might, have to, must
The same goes for their compounds:
(may, could, should, etc. …)
| can make
has/have to make
| can be made
might be made
has/have to be made
must be made
Practical exercise: Passive Voice (Active / Passive)
1. Active or passive:
2. Change the sentences from active to passive:
Use to + verb:
Used to refers to habits or states that happened or were true at a certain moment in the past but are no longer the case today.
My mom used to live in Bafang, but now she lives in Douala.
(= My mom no longer lives in Bafang)
- I used to go swimming in the afternoon after work.
(= I no longer go swimming in the afternoon after work)
P.S.: When asking questions or making negative statements, the d is dropped from used to.
- Did you use to get vegetables delivered to your door?
- Mom didn’t use to wear make-up.
- My mom used to live in Bafang, but now she lives in Douala.
Would + verb:
Would can also refer to habitual or regular actions in the past, similarly to used to.
e.g.: Mom used to bake cakes. My daughter would go to her house and watch.
However, with would, the past time frame must be clear. The past time frame is often established with used to or a time expression such as when I was younger, a little girl/boy … .
e.g.: When I was a child, we’d (read: we would) often go to my grandparents’ house.
P.S.: Would isn’t normally used for questions about the past
Pratical Exercise: Used to + verb / Would + verb
Fill in the blanks. (10 Exercises)