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Category Archives: Passive voice
- Active or Passive? make a choice!
- Rewrite the passive sentences into active
- Rewrite the active sentences into passive
Active or Passive
Are the sentences written in active or passive?
There are 10 questions ...
On your mark, get set, go!
- The passive voice is formed with:
- the auxiliary verb to be and
- the past participle to the main verb.
- Passive constructions can be used in most of the tenses.
P.S.: A few tenses (in Sage green in the table) aren’t normally used with the passive.
- the tense is marked/shown by the form of of the auxiliary to be
- the main verb stays the same in all the tenses.
- The passive is frequently used when the person carrying out the action is unknown, unimportant or already clear from the text.
- Shoes were thrown at president Georges W. Bush.
- Chinese is learned in some schools in Germany.
- Shakespeare’s language is still used today.
- The person who does the action can be made clear with the preposition by.
- The beautiful house was built by a talented engineer.
- After the disaster, the city’s reconstruction plan was published by the seating mayor.
- You can use the preposition will to describe what is used to do the action.
- The beautiful house must have been painted with watercolors.
- This artwork must have been made with clay.
|Tense||Active voice||Passive voice|
|Present simple||make||is/are made|
|Present continuous/prog.||is/are making||is/are being made|
|Present perfect||has/have made||has/have been made|
|Present perfect continuous/prog.||has been making||has been being made|
|Past simple||made||was made|
|Past continuous/prog.||was making||was being made|
|Past perfect||had made||had been made|
|Past perfect continuous/prog.||had been making||has been being made|
|Going-to-Future||is/are going to make||is/are going to be made|
|Will-Future||will make||will be made|
|Future continuous/prog.||will be making||will be being made|
|Future perfect||will have made||will have been made|
| Various modal verbs, e.g. can,
might, have to, must
The same goes for their compounds:
(may, could, should, etc. …)
| can make
has/have to make
| can be made
might be made
has/have to be made
must be made
Practical exercise: Passive Voice (Active / Passive)
1. Active or passive:
2. Change the sentences from active to passive: